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You can download
rclone from the official website. On macOS you can also install it with Homebrew:
brew install rclone.
Recipes for syncing things
Sync a website to a remote host via (S)FTP
myremotehost FTP host is defined using the
rclone config command, which starts an interactive configuration process.
💡 Pro tip: Before performing a potentially destructive and/or irreversible operation, it is advisable to first test it with the
--dry-runoption, which prints out what would happen when the command is run without the flag.
To copy the content of the
my-stuff folder into the
their-stuff folder on the
myremotehost FTP host:
rclone copy my-stuff myremotehost:their-stuff --progress --ftp-concurrency 4 --checkers 2 --transfers 2 --exclude-from=".rclone-exclude"
In the command above, the
--exclude-from option prevents some files from being copied over. The files are defined as glob patterns, similar to
To copy a file regardless of timestamp, you can use the
rclone copy my-file.txt myremotehost:their-stuff --progress --ignore-times
FTP servers are a heterogenous bunch, and occasionally a server will advertise support for a feature, but then break when the client tries to use said feature. For these situations,
rclone has a bunch of
--ftp-disable-* flags you can use on your FTP connections.
You can get a sense of what is causing the transfer to fail or hang by using the
--dump headers --dump bodies pair of options, which instruct
rclone to print out the communication between the FTP client and server. For example, if the server hangs at the EPSV command, we can use the
--ftp-disable-epsv flag to disable the feature:
rclone copy my-stuff myremotehost:their-stuff --ftp-disable-epsv --progress --ftp-concurrency 4 --checkers 2 --transfers 2 --exclude-from=".rclone-exclude"